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Bermuda Travel Guide

The island itself is located in the western Atlantic Ocean, with many islands situated within Bermuda and due to its tiny size of 21 square meters, tourists and inhabitants can travel from one end of the island to the other in around an hour. Its 63,000 inhabitants are mainly of African and Caucasian descent, speaking English and Portuguese and the main industries of Bermuda are tourism, paints, insurance, finance and pharmaceuticals, trading mainly with the USA, UK and Canada.

The island was discovered a very long time ago; around 100 million years to be exact and was then a volcanic mountain. The island protrudes from the Atlantic Ocean floor in the shape of 3 mountains, with the biggest of the mountains supporting all the islands. Below the mountains limestone, 450 feet below sea level, is volcanic rock and under that is black lava and other types of volcanic rock. The only parts of volcanic rock that can be found close to sea level are the ones at the southern end of Bermuda International Airport.

When it comes to architecture, the much older residences are essentially small, English cottages, which were built by pioneers who first came to the island. These days the much bigger abodes, including Bermudaís massive hotels, are mainly of English architecture and tower over the quaint little cottages that first appeared on the island. Around 800 buildings that were built from Bermuda stone, in the 17th century, are of historical importance in Bermuda, and are protected by legislation. These protected buildings have to be of a certain colour, with white roofs, painted in light shades and need to be looked after very carefully. Back in time the structures were made totally out of local coral limestone, which had been took from the groundsí quarry, as other materials to build houses, 350 years ago, were non-existent.

The islands beaches, which attract many travellers, are either quite small or very large, but whatever their size, these beaches are some of the most beautiful in the world. Some of the beaches are private, which means the general public donít get access, but hotel guests do! The public beaches are a free-for-all, which is good in one way, but when it comes to the busier times in the year, these beaches could get a bit overcrowded. The sand on Bermudaís beaches is made up of crushed calcium carbonate shells and the skeleton bones of old shells such as coral and clams. The pink coloured sand in Bermuda all starts when the dark red single-celled animals, living on the coral reefs, die and their skeletons plunge to the oceans floor. The waves wear away the skeletons and they eventually get mixed with other remains on the seabed, including the white shells of clams and sea urchins, this mix causes the pink shade that is a characteristic of Bermudas beaches.

There are plenty of frequent flights to the country from the UK, USA and Canada, anywhere else will need to connect via one of these three countries. There is also the option to travel by way of cruise ship, from April to October, with ships sailing from American East Coast cities such as Philadelphia, Boston, New York, Charleston and Fort Lauderdale. Visitors are best off coming to Bermuda in the warmer months, from April through October, when water sports and sun worshipping can be enjoyed, even though it is the busiest time, it is also the best time for entertainment and events. Anyone not bothered about the heat and more interested in having a quieter time, taking in some windsurfing or perhaps a round of golf, should travel in January, with the big bonus being that the hotels are nearly half the price!

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