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Honduras Travel Guide

The Republic of Honduras, as its officially known, is an area of 112,090 square kilometres, a Central American country, bordering the Caribbean Sea between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean between El Salvador and Nicaragua. There are around 6.7 million people living in Honduras, all of which are mainly of Mestizo descent and predominantly of a Roman Catholic religion. The inhabitants speak Carib and Spanish and when it comes to making money, coffee, sugar cane, bananas, tobacco and forestry are their main profit makers, trading mainly with the EU, Japan and the USA.

Honduras broke free from Spain in 1821, becoming an independent country. After a bout of mainly military regime, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, the country was shown to be a refuge for anti-Sandinista contras at war with the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and who were allies to Salvadoran Government forces combating against leftist guerrillas. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch made its presence in Honduras, bringing with it widespread devastation, causing $2 billion in damage and a death toll of around 5,600 people.

The area of Honduras is still pretty much unknown to tourists, with the people here more in touch with their extensive network of reserves and national parks to ensure the protection of their irreplaceable natural resources. Nearly 25% of Honduran province is sheltered, but help financially is lacking and the continuation of protecting their land looks pretty slim. However, the far out areas of the parks, located in the middle of some of the most exceptional tropical forests and cloud forests in Central America, still contain a stunning assortment of flora and fauna. Water sports are to be found on the Bay and Hog Islands, where diving, snorkelling and swimming are very popular, with the best beaches being around Trujillo and Tela. Hiking is also big on the list, with one favourite being at the Parque Nacional Celaque, an area supplying unexplored reserve, a flourishing cloud forest, headwaters of 10 rivers, a cascading waterfall and the country's highest summit. Mountain climbing is also a biggy at the park and its vertical cliffs provide challenging climbing for the more expert mountaineer.

There are a few ways to get around Honduras, one being by plane, with flights from Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula and La Ceiba to any of the Bay Islands. Another option is travelling by bus or taxi, with both running frequently from most of the towns, but visitors going by taxi need to sort out a price before setting off, as the taxis are unmetered. Boats are also a good way to get about and will take folk from the Bay Islands right along the Caribbean coast. Lastly, car rental, even though a bit costly, is a good way to get around, with the main roads being very well maintained. To actually get into Honduras, visitors will find direct flights in Central America and North America, with all other countries having to connect at the above two locations. The area is warm all year round, with events occurring during May and June, including the weeklong carnival at La Ceiba, towards the end of May.

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