Tanzania Travel Guide
Lying on the Indian Ocean and bordered by more African countries than you can count on one hand, the United Republic of Tanzania is the country that mixes the mystery of the coastal kingdoms with the tribal heart of the interior. Surrounded by Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique, Tanzania is a land of striking contrasts boasting to having a little slice of the best of everything. From white sandy palm-fringed beaches stretching as far as the eye can see, to lush green-forested mountains, Tanzania and it's exotic off shore islands are certainly not lacking in variety. The country itself has an amazing history, geologically spanning 300 million years and is the site of many of archaeology's most important prehistoric discoveries. Olduvai Gorge, the long gash in Tanzania's Serengeti Plain, at the Eastern edge of the Great Rift Valley is renowned amongst archaeologists for the hominid fossils excavated by the Leakey's in the 1960's providing some essential pieces of the evolutionary jigsaw. Tanzania also boasts more National Parkland than anywhere else on the planet. The Serengeti National Park, the largest in Tanzania is bustling with beasts of all shapes, sizes and appetites, from antelopes and gazelles to wildebeest and zebras. Tanzania is a living, breathing A-Z of the natural world. In particular, hippos, lions and the endangered black rhino can all be found around the formidable Ngorongoro Crater. Twelve miles wide and 2000ft deep, this natural wonder heaves with some of the earth's most awesome creatures.
The capital city of Tanzania and the country's major port is Dar es Salaam and it provides the perfect starting point for trips in Tanzania. Not only is it near to Tanzania's greatest landmark and Africa's highest mountain - the giant stratovolcano of Mount Kilimanjaro reaching an elevation of 19,335.6 ft. (5,895), it is also near to Dodoma and the nearby island of Zanzibar. Most of the best beaches are within easy reach of Dar es Salaam, such as those at Kunduchi, Mjimwena and Mbwa Maji. This is not to mention the fascinating ruins of Persian tombs and mosques 24km (15 miles) north of the city in a fishing village. With the heady atmosphere of the spice island of Zanzibar only 20 minutes from the coast, a mass of spectacular wildlife and natural wonders to wow the pants off anyone, Tanzania really can claim to having some of the best elements of Africa all rolled into one.
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