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Wales Travel Guide

Wales is a country that borders with England and has a coastline of over 1,000 kilometres. The country has numerous major urban areas including Cardiff, Newport, Swansea and Wrexham, where around 3 million people reside. Originating from Celt and Anglo Saxon, the inhabitants speak both English and Welsh, with the latter language forever struggling to find a place in society. The major industries in Wales include forestry and tourism and the country trades mostly with the USA and the EU.

During the 19th century, Great Britain lorded it over all industrial business matters and played a key part in developing parliamentary democracy. Once into the 20th century though, the UK’s power was starting to deteriorate, due to WWI and WWII, with the country endeavouring to get back on its feet by the 1950’s. The UK eventually became a thriving and contemporary European country, with a worldwide outlook on foreign procedures and as a member of the EU, decided to stay external to the Economic and Monetary Union. In 1999, the National Assembly for Wales, The Scottish Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly were formed, but Northern Ireland soon became suspended, due to much wrangling over the peace process.

There’s plenty to do and see in and around Wales, with the inner cities providing a fair amount of historic value, including Cardiff’s National Museum. Outside the city though, the rural areas are stunning, with beautiful lush countryside and the Cambrian Mountainside and peaks of Snowdonia towering high above in the background. There is much more historical architecture in rural Wales, all of which shows some kind of scars from both world wars. Castles abound out here, all being built in various eras and of various sizes from the smaller stone holdings to the larger, resilient fortresses such as Caernarfon, Beaumaris and Harlech. Going over to Holy Island, visitors will be able to see Wales’ fascinating stone circles, which are thought to have been from the pre-Roman era, when the Druids ruled the Celtics. There are also some interesting medieval houses to browse round including the ruins of an ancient abbey, all of which are totally accessible, inside and out. Walking is definitely advised while holidaying in Wales, the most popular treks being on the Offa's Dyke and Pembrokeshire Coast paths, with the country’s quieter roads being ideal for cycling, where a few hills are on offer to really work those muscles! Visitors who just want to laze around should take a canal cruise along the Brecon and Monmouthshire Canal, both of which are easy to use, as there is only 6 locks to master throughout the whole 33 miles!

Mobility in Wales comes in the form of buses, trains and boats, with the buses being timetabled and more often than not, irregular. The trains are top rate though, with their speed, frequency and comfort, taking passengers mainly along the coast and into the valleys. Those folk travelling around by boat will be taken to the Pembrokeshire coast and Llŷn Peninsula islands, where beautiful views and some great hiking paths can be enjoyed.

Actually getting to Wales is possible from many European cities, with direct flights to Cardiff International Airport. Alternatively, visitors can get flights to nearby Manchester, Bristol and Birmingham airport then travel by coach to Wales. Trains will get travellers into the country within hours and by using the Channel Tunnel, distant European countries will arrive in no time at all. The weather in Wales is at its most pleasant in the spring from March to May and autumn from September to November, when the rural areas are in full bloom. Visitors wanting the hottest weather though, will need to get down here in July and August, a time which also brings the swarms of tourists!

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